The Great Wall of China


There is an old saying in China that He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

Unlike other Natural and Cultural Heritage Sites, the Great Wall Of China embraces such broad dimensions that nothing else can compare with. It runs across Northern China from east to west, providing protection to agricultural civilisation and ancient trading routes. It spans the history of China from past to present, witnessing the rise and fall of powers and dynasties.

The Great Wall spans more than two thousand years and traverses 5,000 kilometers. The Great Wall, like the Pyramids of Egypt, the Taj Mahal in India and the Hanging Garden of Babylon, is one of the great wonders of the world.

Starting out in the east on the banks of the Yalu River in Liaoning Province, the Wall stretches westwards for 12,700 kilometers to Jiayuguan in the Gobi desert, thus known as the Ten Thousand Li Wall in China. The Wall climbs up and down, twists and turns along the ridges of the Yanshan and Yinshan Mountain Chains through five provinces–Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu–and two autonomous regions–Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, binding the northern China together.


Facts about the Great Wall of China

First built in the 7th century B.C, rebuilt and maintained between the 6th century BC and the 16th century, the great wall was built to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from Mongolian attacks during the rule of successive dynasties.The most famous is the wall built between 220–200 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang while little of it remains.

The Great Wall is not an individual rampart but an integrated defense system formed by fortifications including ramparts, watch towers, beacon towers, barrier walls, battle walls, fortresses and passes, etc. This huge project is peerless not only in China, but also in the world. The Great Wall was listed as one of the seventh miracles in the ancient world hundreds years ago; it was recorded in World inheritance name list by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO. “In 220 B.C., under Qin Shi Huang, sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defence system against invasions from the north. Construction continued up to the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), when the Great Wall became the world’s largest military structure. Its historic and strategic importance is matched only by its architectural significance.”, commented by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO.


The Great Wall was the military project built to ward off invasion of the north horde in ancient China. It continues about ten thousand meters from east to west hence the name Wanli Changcheng (literally Ten Thousand Leagues Long Fortification).



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